University of Hertfordshire

From the same journal

From the same journal

  • B. Riaz
  • E. L. Martin
  • H. Bouy
  • R. Tata
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Original languageEnglish
Number of pages11
Pages (from-to)1541-1551
JournalThe Astrophysical Journal
Journal publication date1 Aug 2009
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2009


We present near-infrared observations of the low-mass deeply embedded Class 0/I system 2MASS J17112318-2724315 (2M171123) in the B59 molecular cloud. Bright scattered light nebulosity is observed toward this source in the K-S images, that seems to trace the edges of an outflow cavity. We report the detection of a low-luminosity protostar 2M17112255-27243448 (2M17112255) that lies similar to 8 '' (similar to 1000 AU) from 2M171123. This is a Class I system, as indicated by its 2-8 mu m slope and Infrared Array Camera colors, with an estimated internal luminosity of similar to 0.3 L-circle dot. We estimate a mass of similar to 0.12-0.25 M-circle dot for this source, at an age of 0.1-1 Myr. Also presented is detailed modeling of the 2M171123 system. The best-fit parameters indicate a large envelope density of the order of similar to 10(-13) g cm(-3), and an intermediate inclination between 53 degrees and 59 degrees. The observed K-S-band variability for this system could be explained by slight variability in the mass infall rate between 2.5E-5 and 1.8E-5 M-circle dot yr(-1). The protostar 2M171123 exhibits a rarely observed absorption feature near 11.3 mu m within its 10 mu m silicate band. We find a strong correlation between the strength in this 11.3 mu m "edge" and the H2O-ice column density, indicating the origin of this feature in the thickness of the ice mantle over the silicate grains.

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