University of Hertfordshire

By the same authors

A preliminary study of learnable pictogram languages

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


  • 903899

    Accepted author manuscript, 418 KB, PDF document

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Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationDesign Research Society International Conference Proceedings
Subtitle of host publicationWonderground
EditorsKen Friedman, Terry Love, Eduardo Côrte-Real, Chris Rust
Place of PublicationLisbon
Volumepaper 0133
ISBN (Print)978-972-98701-7-0
Publication statusPublished - 2006


In 1930, Otto Neurath observed that graphic symbols could become a language with defined meanings that could be learned. In the case of English graphic symbols, people could easily learn to understand them. At first, there were around 850 English words that could be translated into graphic symbols. Since users have learned and developed them, pictographic systems of communication have become popular language in the world today (Hermann, 2003). Furthermore, Maurer (1985) points out that symbolic communication has existed and been developed for some time. Thus, pictogram language can be a learnable communication tool.


Original paper can be found at:


ID: 454633