University of Hertfordshire

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Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 20 Jun 2018
EventSkin Forum 2018 Annual Meeting: Skin Health and Topical Formulation - Tallinn, Estonia
Duration: 20 Jun 201821 Jun 2018

Conference

ConferenceSkin Forum 2018 Annual Meeting
CountryEstonia
CityTallinn
Period20/06/1821/06/18

Abstract

The skin is the largest organ in the human body, protecting the body from xenobiotic invasion (1). Local and systemic drugs may also be administered through the skin, therefore the need to measure the permeability of the skin to chemicals has long been apparent. The use of in vivo or in vitro techniques is time-consuming, since it is not only necessary to conduct a permeation study, but also to optimize experimental conditions and build analytical methods for each chemical. Moreover, it is not possible to assess the permeability of compounds not yet synthesised. An alternative option can be the development of Quantitative Structure-Permeability Relationships (QSPRs). These in silico models aim to form a relationship between the absorption of chemicals through the skin and their physico-chemical and/or structural properties (2). Knowing that permeability can be affected by different experimental conditions, the aim of this study is to build a QSPR based on uniform and consistent experimental conditions, but with a significant database size.
Two different databases were compared: the first one was obtained only from Zhang et al (3), the second one was created from multiple literature sources, fulfilling the following conditions:
- Data (log Kp values) were obtained by an in vitro diffusion system;
- The membrane was human stratum corneum and viable epidermis;
- The donor solvent was an aqueous solution;
- No permeation enhancement technologies were used;
- No association with other chemicals were considered.
The geometrical structures of all chemicals were optimized with MM2 forcefield. Molecular descriptors and fingerprints were generated where possible. For each database, a wide range of Multi Linear Regression models were built using QSARins (4, 5) through a stepwise forward regression process. The models have been validated according to Golbraikh and Tropsha (6) criteria and the best ones have been selected according to the Multi-Criteria Decision Making (7).
The model calculated from the data obtained from a single source shows better correlation, robustness, and predictivity, revealing a grade of uncertainty coming from an inter laboratory variability of the different sources used to build the database.

REFERENCES
1. Baba H, Takahara J-i, Mamitsuka H. In Silico Predictions of Human Skin Permeability using Nonlinear Quantitative Structure–Property Relationship Models. Pharmaceutical Research. 2015;32(7):2360-71.
2. Moss GP, Cronin MTD. Quantitative structure–permeability relationships for percutaneous absorption: re-analysis of steroid data. International Journal of Pharmaceutics. 2002;238(1):105-9.
3. Zhang K, Chen M, Scriba GKE, Abraham MH, Fahr A, Liu X. Human Skin Permeation of Neutral Species and Ionic Species: Extended Linear Free Energy Relationship Analyses. Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. 2012;101(6):2034-44.
4. Gramatica P, Chirico N, Papa E, Cassani S, Kovarich S. QSARINS: A new software for the development, analysis, and validation of QSAR MLR models. Journal of Computational Chemistry. 2013;34(24):2121-32.
5. Gramatica P, Cassani S, Chirico N. QSARINS-chem: Insubria datasets and new QSAR/QSPR models for environmental pollutants in QSARINS. Journal of Computational Chemistry. 2014;35(13):1036-44.
6. Golbraikh A, Tropsha A. Beware of q2! Journal of Molecular Graphics and Modelling. 2002;20(4):269-76.
7. Keller HR, Massart DL, Brans JP. Multicriteria decision making: A case study. Chemometrics and Intelligent Laboratory Systems. 1991;11(2):175-89.

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