University of Hertfordshire

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Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0175797
Number of pages19
JournalPLoS ONE
Journal publication date17 May 2017
Volume12
Issue5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 17 May 2017

Abstract

Bladder hyperreflexia is a common non-motor feature of Parkinson’s disease. We now report on the contractility of the isolated primate detrusor strips devoid of nerve input and show that following MPTP, the amplitude and frequency of spontaneous contraction was increased. These responses were unaffected by dopamine D1 and D2 receptor agonists A77636 and ropinirole respectively. Contractions by exogenous carbachol, histamine or ATP were similar and no differences in the magnitude of noradrenaline-induced relaxation were seen in detrusor strip obtained from normal and MPTP-treated common marmosets (Callithrix jacchus). However, the neurogenic contractions following electrical field stimulation of the intrinsic nerves (EFS) were markedly greater in strips obtained from MPTP treated animals. EFS evoked non-cholinergic contractions following atropine were also greater but the contribution of the cholinergic innervation as a proportion of the overall contraction was smaller in the detrusor strips of MPTP treated animals, suggesting a preferential enhancement of the non-cholinergic transmission. Although dopaminergic mechanisms has been proposed to underlie bladder hyperreflexia in MPTP-treated animals with intact bladder, the present data indicates that the increased neurogenically mediated contractions where no extrinsic innervation exists might be due to long-term adaptive changes locally as a result of the loss of the nigrostriatal output.

Notes

Copyright: © 2017 Pritchard et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited

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