University of Hertfordshire

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Original languageEnglish
Number of pages29
Pages (from-to)49-77
JournalEconomic and Industrial Democracy
Journal publication date1 Feb 2007
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2007
Externally publishedYes


This article assesses whether the operation of works councils or joint consultative committees (JCCs) is inimical to unionization in different business systems. An extensive transnational survey reveals that both works councils and JCCs are positively associated with a union presence; there is no evidence from this sample that either is used to any significant extent as a substitute for unions. The finding holds true irrespective of business system. Its implications for industrial relations actors are examined.

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