University of Hertfordshire

From the same journal

From the same journal

By the same authors


  • A. Carnero Rosell
  • B. Santiago
  • M. dal Ponte
  • L. N. da Costa
  • J. L. Marshall
  • R. G. McMahon
  • K. Bechtol
  • L. De Paris
  • T. Li
  • A. Pieres
  • T. M. C. Abbott
  • J. Annis
  • S. Avila
  • G. M. Bernstein
  • D. L. Burke
  • M. Carrasco-Kind
  • J. Carretero
  • J. De Vicente
  • A. Drlica-Wagner
  • P. Fosalba
  • J. Frieman
  • J. Garcia-Bellido
  • E. Gaztanaga
  • R. A. Gruendl
  • J. Gschwend
  • G. Gutierrez
  • D. L. Hollowood
  • M. A. G. Maia
  • F. Menanteau
  • R. Miquel
  • A. A. Plazas
  • A. Roodman
  • E. Sanchez
  • V. Scarpine
  • R. Schindler
  • S. Serrano
  • I. Sevilla-Noarbe
  • F. Sobreira
  • E. Suchyta
  • M. E. C. Swanson
  • G. Tarle
  • V. Vikram
  • A. R. Walker
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Original languageEnglish
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Journal publication date26 Mar 2019
Publication statusSubmitted - 26 Mar 2019


In this paper we present a catalogue of 11,745 brown dwarfs with spectral types ranging from L0 to T9, photometrically classified using data from the Dark Energy Survey (DES) year 3 release matched to the Vista Hemisphere Survey (VHS) DR3 and Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE) data, covering approx 2,400 deg2 up to i_AB=22. The classification method follows the same photo-type method previously applied to SDSS-UKIDSS-WISE data. The most significant difference comes from the use of DES data instead of SDSS, which allow us to classify almost an order of magnitude more brown dwarfs than any previous search and reaching distances beyond 400 parsecs for the earliest types. Next, we also present and validate the GalmodBD simulation, which produces brown dwarf number counts as a function of structural parameters with realistic photometric properties of a given survey. We use this simulation to estimate the completeness and purity of our photometric LT catalogue down to i_AB=22, as well as to compare to the observed number of LT types. We put constraints on the thin disk scale height for the early L population to be around 450 parsecs, in agreement with previous findings. For completeness, we also publish in a separate table a catalogue of 20,863 M dwarfs that passed our colour cut with spectral types greater than M6. Both the LT and the late M catalogues are found at


27 pages, 18 figures. Submitted to MNRAS

ID: 16574794