University of Hertfordshire

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)139-151
JournalJournal of Constructivist Psychology
Journal publication date3 Apr 2015
Early online date1 Dec 2014
StatePublished - 3 Apr 2015


On July 22, 2011, Anders Behring Breivik emailed a compendium entitled, “2083: A Declaration of European Independence,” to more than 1,000 addresses before bombing government buildings in Oslo and attacking a Labor Party youth camp, killing 77 people. This article adopts a credulous attitude and analyzes a personal section of his compendium from a personal construct psychology perspective, as if it were a self-characterization. Its aim is to understand further the construing processes of individuals who become “radicalized” or engage in acts of extreme violence, on the assumption that such understanding is a prerequisite for preventative and restorative strategies. The personal construct formulation of Breivik's construing and actions is compared with the analysis of terrorism by an historian, Roger Griffin


Date of acceptance: 16/09/2013

ID: 2664297