University of Hertfordshire

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Effect of P2Y(12) inhibitors on thrombus stability and endogenous fibrinolysis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Original languageEnglish
Number of pages7
Pages (from-to)102-108
JournalThrombosis Research
Journal publication date1 Jan 2019
Volume173
Early online date24 Nov 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019

Abstract

Although used routinely to reduce thrombotic events in patients with coronary disease, the effects of P2Y12 inhibitors on thrombus stability and endogenous fibrinolysis are largely unknown. Blood taken from patients pre- and post-aspirin (n = 20) and on aspirin alone and on dual antiplatelet therapy comprising aspirin plus clopidogrel (n = 20), ticagrelor (n = 20) or cangrelor (n = 20), was tested using the Global Thrombosis Test. The number of “rebleeds” or drops (D) after early platelet-rich thrombus formation (occlusion time, OT), and before final lasting occlusion, was used as an inverse measure of thrombus stability. Whilst clopidogrel had no effect, ticagrelor and cangrelor both increased D significantly, reflecting increased thrombus instability [D pre- and post-clopidogrel 4.3 ± 1.6 vs. 4.5 ± 1.4, p = 0.833; pre- and post-ticagrelor 4.1 ± 2.4 vs. 6.8 ± 5.1, p = 0.048; pre- and post-cangrelor 3.6 ± 2.0 vs. 7.9 ± 8.9, p = 0.046]. Platelet reactivity was reduced by all P2Y12 inhibitors, demonstrated by OT prolongation (clopidogrel 378 ± 87 s vs. 491 ± 93 s, p < 0.001; ticagrelor 416 ± 122 s vs. 549 ± 121 s, p < 0.001; cangrelor 381 ± 146 s vs. 613 ± 210 s, p < 0.001). The magnitude of OT prolongation compared to baseline (ΔOT) was significantly greater for cangrelor compared to clopidogrel and ticagrelor. Cangrelor was the only agent to enhance fibrinolysis (lysis time pre- and post-cangrelor 1622[1240–2048]s vs. 1388[960–1634]s, p = 0.005). We demonstrate the ability to assess the effect of pharmacotherapy on thrombus stability in vitro and show that P2Y12 inhibitors potentiate thrombus instability at high shear. Cangrelor, and to a lesser extent ticagrelor, de-stabilised thrombus formation and cangrelor also enhanced fibrinolysis. Potentiation of thrombus instability could become a new pharmacological target, that may be particularly important in acute coronary syndromes

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