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Effects of a penthiopyrad and picoxystrobin fungicide mixtureon phoma stem canker (Leptosphaeria spp.) on UK winteroilseed rape. / Sewell, Thomas; Moloney, Steven; Ashworth, Mike; Ritchie, Faye; Mashanova, Alla; Huang, Yongju; Stotz, Henrik; Fitt, Bruce.

In: European Journal of Plant Pathology, Vol. 145, No. 3, 01.07.2016, p. 675-685.

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@article{81c27d5c81174afa95ca4c1d5997fe2c,
title = "Effects of a penthiopyrad and picoxystrobin fungicide mixtureon phoma stem canker (Leptosphaeria spp.) on UK winteroilseed rape",
abstract = "In the UK, fungicides are often used to controlphoma stem canker on winter oilseed rape. Field trialswere established near Boxworth, Cambridgeshire for fourcropping seasons (2011/2012, 2012/2013, 2013/2014 and2014/15) to test the efficacy of a new fungicide mixtureRefinzar{\circledR} (penthiopyrad + picoxystrobin) by comparisonto an existing fungicide Proline 275{\circledR} (prothioconazole)against phoma stem canker (Leptosphaeria spp.) andthe effect on winter oilseed rape (cv. Catana) yield. Ineach season, weather data were collected from a weatherstation at Boxworth and the release of ascospores wasmonitored using a nearby Burkard spore sampler. Thepatterns of ascospore release differed between seasonsand related to weather conditions. Fungicidespenthiopyrad + picoxystrobin and prothioconazole wereapplied in October/November when 10 {\%} of plants hadphoma leaf spotting (T1, early), 4/8 weeks after T1 (T2,late) or at both T1 and T2 (combined). When phoma leafspot symptoms were assessed in autumn/winter,penthiopyrad + picoxystrobin and prothioconazole bothdecreased numbers of phoma leaf spots caused byL. maculans; there were few leaf spots caused byL. biglobosa. Penthiopyrad + picoxystrobin andprothioconazole both reduced phoma stem canker severitybefore harvest compared to the untreated control butdid not increase yield in these seasons when epidemicswere not severe. In 2013/2014, the presence ofL. maculans and L. biglobosa in upper stem lesions orstem base cankers was determined by species-specificPCR. The proportions of stems with L. maculans DNAwere much greater than those with L. biglobosa DNA forboth upper stem lesions and basal stem cankers. Theseresults suggest that both penthiopyrad + picoxystrobinand prothioconazole can decrease phoma stem cankerseverity on winter oilseed rape in severe disease seasons.",
keywords = "phoma stem canker, winter oilseed rape, Fungicides, DMI, QoI, SDHI",
author = "Thomas Sewell and Steven Moloney and Mike Ashworth and Faye Ritchie and Alla Mashanova and Yongju Huang and Henrik Stotz and Bruce Fitt",
note = "{\circledC} Koninklijke Nederlandse Planteziektenkundige Vereniging 2016. This is a pre-copyedited, author-produced PDF of an article accepted for publication in European Journal of Plant Pathology following peer review. The final publication [Sewell, T.R., Moloney, S., Ashworth, M. et al., European Journal of Plant Pathology (2016) 145: 675-685, first published online April 5, 2016] is available at Springer via doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10658-016-0916-8",
year = "2016",
month = "7",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1007/s10658-016-0916-8",
language = "English",
volume = "145",
pages = "675--685",
journal = "European Journal of Plant Pathology",
issn = "0929-1873",
publisher = "Springer Netherlands",
number = "3",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effects of a penthiopyrad and picoxystrobin fungicide mixtureon phoma stem canker (Leptosphaeria spp.) on UK winteroilseed rape

AU - Sewell, Thomas

AU - Moloney, Steven

AU - Ashworth, Mike

AU - Ritchie, Faye

AU - Mashanova, Alla

AU - Huang, Yongju

AU - Stotz, Henrik

AU - Fitt, Bruce

N1 - © Koninklijke Nederlandse Planteziektenkundige Vereniging 2016. This is a pre-copyedited, author-produced PDF of an article accepted for publication in European Journal of Plant Pathology following peer review. The final publication [Sewell, T.R., Moloney, S., Ashworth, M. et al., European Journal of Plant Pathology (2016) 145: 675-685, first published online April 5, 2016] is available at Springer via doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10658-016-0916-8

PY - 2016/7/1

Y1 - 2016/7/1

N2 - In the UK, fungicides are often used to controlphoma stem canker on winter oilseed rape. Field trialswere established near Boxworth, Cambridgeshire for fourcropping seasons (2011/2012, 2012/2013, 2013/2014 and2014/15) to test the efficacy of a new fungicide mixtureRefinzar® (penthiopyrad + picoxystrobin) by comparisonto an existing fungicide Proline 275® (prothioconazole)against phoma stem canker (Leptosphaeria spp.) andthe effect on winter oilseed rape (cv. Catana) yield. Ineach season, weather data were collected from a weatherstation at Boxworth and the release of ascospores wasmonitored using a nearby Burkard spore sampler. Thepatterns of ascospore release differed between seasonsand related to weather conditions. Fungicidespenthiopyrad + picoxystrobin and prothioconazole wereapplied in October/November when 10 % of plants hadphoma leaf spotting (T1, early), 4/8 weeks after T1 (T2,late) or at both T1 and T2 (combined). When phoma leafspot symptoms were assessed in autumn/winter,penthiopyrad + picoxystrobin and prothioconazole bothdecreased numbers of phoma leaf spots caused byL. maculans; there were few leaf spots caused byL. biglobosa. Penthiopyrad + picoxystrobin andprothioconazole both reduced phoma stem canker severitybefore harvest compared to the untreated control butdid not increase yield in these seasons when epidemicswere not severe. In 2013/2014, the presence ofL. maculans and L. biglobosa in upper stem lesions orstem base cankers was determined by species-specificPCR. The proportions of stems with L. maculans DNAwere much greater than those with L. biglobosa DNA forboth upper stem lesions and basal stem cankers. Theseresults suggest that both penthiopyrad + picoxystrobinand prothioconazole can decrease phoma stem cankerseverity on winter oilseed rape in severe disease seasons.

AB - In the UK, fungicides are often used to controlphoma stem canker on winter oilseed rape. Field trialswere established near Boxworth, Cambridgeshire for fourcropping seasons (2011/2012, 2012/2013, 2013/2014 and2014/15) to test the efficacy of a new fungicide mixtureRefinzar® (penthiopyrad + picoxystrobin) by comparisonto an existing fungicide Proline 275® (prothioconazole)against phoma stem canker (Leptosphaeria spp.) andthe effect on winter oilseed rape (cv. Catana) yield. Ineach season, weather data were collected from a weatherstation at Boxworth and the release of ascospores wasmonitored using a nearby Burkard spore sampler. Thepatterns of ascospore release differed between seasonsand related to weather conditions. Fungicidespenthiopyrad + picoxystrobin and prothioconazole wereapplied in October/November when 10 % of plants hadphoma leaf spotting (T1, early), 4/8 weeks after T1 (T2,late) or at both T1 and T2 (combined). When phoma leafspot symptoms were assessed in autumn/winter,penthiopyrad + picoxystrobin and prothioconazole bothdecreased numbers of phoma leaf spots caused byL. maculans; there were few leaf spots caused byL. biglobosa. Penthiopyrad + picoxystrobin andprothioconazole both reduced phoma stem canker severitybefore harvest compared to the untreated control butdid not increase yield in these seasons when epidemicswere not severe. In 2013/2014, the presence ofL. maculans and L. biglobosa in upper stem lesions orstem base cankers was determined by species-specificPCR. The proportions of stems with L. maculans DNAwere much greater than those with L. biglobosa DNA forboth upper stem lesions and basal stem cankers. Theseresults suggest that both penthiopyrad + picoxystrobinand prothioconazole can decrease phoma stem cankerseverity on winter oilseed rape in severe disease seasons.

KW - phoma stem canker

KW - winter oilseed rape

KW - Fungicides

KW - DMI

KW - QoI

KW - SDHI

U2 - 10.1007/s10658-016-0916-8

DO - 10.1007/s10658-016-0916-8

M3 - Article

VL - 145

SP - 675

EP - 685

JO - European Journal of Plant Pathology

JF - European Journal of Plant Pathology

SN - 0929-1873

IS - 3

ER -