University of Hertfordshire

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  • 906093

    Submitted manuscript, 2.3 MB, PDF document

  • K.W. Appel
  • C. Chemel
  • S.J. Roselle
  • Xavier Vazhappilly Francis
  • Rong-Ming Hu
  • R.S. Sokhi
  • S.T. Rao
  • S. Galmarini
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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)142-155
JournalAtmospheric Environment
Volume53
IssueJune
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

Abstract

The CMAQ modeling system has been used to simulate the air quality for North America and Europe for the entire year of 2006 as part of the Air Quality Model Evaluation International Initiative (AQMEII). The operational model performance of tropospheric ozone (O), fine particulate matter (PM) and total particulate matter (PM) for the two continents has been assessed. The model underestimates daytime (8am-8pm LST) O mixing ratios by 13% in the winter for North America, primarily due to an underestimation of daytime O mixing ratios in the middle and lower troposphere from the lateral boundary conditions. The model overestimates winter daytime O mixing ratios in Europe by an average of 8.4%. The model underestimates daytime O by 4-5% in the spring for both continents, while in the summer daytime O is overestimated by 9.8% for North America and slightly underestimated by 1.6% for Europe. The model overestimates daytime O in the fall for both continents, grossly overestimating daytime O by over 30% for Europe. The performance for PM varies both seasonally and geographically for the two continents. For North American, PM is overestimated in the winter and fall, with an average Normalized Mean Bias (NMB) greater than -30%, while performance in the summer is relatively good, with an average NMB of -4.6%. For Europe, PM is underestimated throughout the entire year, with the NMB ranging from -24% in the fall to -55% in the winter. PM is underestimated throughout the year for both North America and Europe, with remarkably similar performance for both continents. The domain average NMB for PM ranges between -45% and -65% for the two continents, with the largest underestimation occurring in the summer for North American and the winter for Europe.

ID: 555907