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Free operant observing in humans : A translational approach to compulsive certainty seeking. / Morein-Zamir, Sharon; Shahper, Sonia; Fineberg, Naomi; Eisele, Verena; Eagle, Dawn M.; Urcelay, Gonzalo; Robbins, Trevor W.

In: Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, Vol. 71, No. 10, 01.10.2018, p. 2052-2069.

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Morein-Zamir, Sharon ; Shahper, Sonia ; Fineberg, Naomi ; Eisele, Verena ; Eagle, Dawn M. ; Urcelay, Gonzalo ; Robbins, Trevor W. / Free operant observing in humans : A translational approach to compulsive certainty seeking. In: Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology. 2018 ; Vol. 71, No. 10. pp. 2052-2069.

Bibtex

@article{f83069c79a1141f08d194d7b87fde51a,
title = "Free operant observing in humans: A translational approach to compulsive certainty seeking",
abstract = "Excessive checking is reported in non-clinical populations and is a pervasive symptom in obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD). We implemented a free-operant task in humans, previously used in rats, wherein participants can “check” to reduce uncertainty. Participants can press an observing key to ascertain which of two main keys will, if pressed, currently lead to rewards. Over a series of experiments, we found that punishment robustly increased observing in non-clinical participants and that observing persisted long after punishment was removed. Moreover, participants appeared insensitive to the initial costs of checking, and a threefold increase in the effort required to observe served to deter participants only to a limited degree. We also assessed observing in OCD patients with no known comorbidities. The patients observed more than control participants and were abnormally insensitive to the introduction of punishment. These findings support the translational value of the task, with similar behaviours in humans and rodents. This paradigm may serve as a unifying platform, promoting interaction between different approaches to analyse adaptive and maladaptive certainty seeking behaviours. Specifically, we demonstrate how seemingly disparate theoretical and empirical approaches can be reconciled synergistically to promote a combined behavioural and cognitive account of certainty seeking.",
keywords = "Checking, Intolerance of uncertainty, Observing, Obsessive compulsive disorder",
author = "Sharon Morein-Zamir and Sonia Shahper and Naomi Fineberg and Verena Eisele and Eagle, {Dawn M.} and Gonzalo Urcelay and Robbins, {Trevor W.}",
note = "{\circledC} Experimental Psychology Society 2017",
year = "2018",
month = "10",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1177/1747021817737727",
language = "English",
volume = "71",
pages = "2052--2069",
journal = "Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology",
issn = "1747-0218",
publisher = "Psychology Press Ltd",
number = "10",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Free operant observing in humans

T2 - A translational approach to compulsive certainty seeking

AU - Morein-Zamir, Sharon

AU - Shahper, Sonia

AU - Fineberg, Naomi

AU - Eisele, Verena

AU - Eagle, Dawn M.

AU - Urcelay, Gonzalo

AU - Robbins, Trevor W.

N1 - © Experimental Psychology Society 2017

PY - 2018/10/1

Y1 - 2018/10/1

N2 - Excessive checking is reported in non-clinical populations and is a pervasive symptom in obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD). We implemented a free-operant task in humans, previously used in rats, wherein participants can “check” to reduce uncertainty. Participants can press an observing key to ascertain which of two main keys will, if pressed, currently lead to rewards. Over a series of experiments, we found that punishment robustly increased observing in non-clinical participants and that observing persisted long after punishment was removed. Moreover, participants appeared insensitive to the initial costs of checking, and a threefold increase in the effort required to observe served to deter participants only to a limited degree. We also assessed observing in OCD patients with no known comorbidities. The patients observed more than control participants and were abnormally insensitive to the introduction of punishment. These findings support the translational value of the task, with similar behaviours in humans and rodents. This paradigm may serve as a unifying platform, promoting interaction between different approaches to analyse adaptive and maladaptive certainty seeking behaviours. Specifically, we demonstrate how seemingly disparate theoretical and empirical approaches can be reconciled synergistically to promote a combined behavioural and cognitive account of certainty seeking.

AB - Excessive checking is reported in non-clinical populations and is a pervasive symptom in obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD). We implemented a free-operant task in humans, previously used in rats, wherein participants can “check” to reduce uncertainty. Participants can press an observing key to ascertain which of two main keys will, if pressed, currently lead to rewards. Over a series of experiments, we found that punishment robustly increased observing in non-clinical participants and that observing persisted long after punishment was removed. Moreover, participants appeared insensitive to the initial costs of checking, and a threefold increase in the effort required to observe served to deter participants only to a limited degree. We also assessed observing in OCD patients with no known comorbidities. The patients observed more than control participants and were abnormally insensitive to the introduction of punishment. These findings support the translational value of the task, with similar behaviours in humans and rodents. This paradigm may serve as a unifying platform, promoting interaction between different approaches to analyse adaptive and maladaptive certainty seeking behaviours. Specifically, we demonstrate how seemingly disparate theoretical and empirical approaches can be reconciled synergistically to promote a combined behavioural and cognitive account of certainty seeking.

KW - Checking

KW - Intolerance of uncertainty

KW - Observing

KW - Obsessive compulsive disorder

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85054739532&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1177/1747021817737727

DO - 10.1177/1747021817737727

M3 - Article

VL - 71

SP - 2052

EP - 2069

JO - Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology

JF - Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology

SN - 1747-0218

IS - 10

ER -