University of Hertfordshire

From the same journal

By the same authors

  • Amir Hossein Saveh
  • Ali Reza Zali
  • Seyyed Morteza Kazemi
  • Sohrab Keyhani
  • Hanafiah Yussof
  • Hamid Reza Katouzian
  • Qureish Vanat
  • Mahmoud Chizari
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Original languageEnglish
Number of pages19
Pages (from-to)79-97
JournalJournal of Mechanical Engineering
Journal publication date31 Aug 2012
Publication statusPublished - 31 Aug 2012


This paper introduces a method to measure the kinematics of the knee using fluoroscopic imaging. The method involves two stages. In the first, the knee joint is recorded during normal gait by fluoroscopy using a mobile C-arm and an angiographic imaging system. The images then were processed to calculate the two-dimensional (2D) kinematics of the joint during the different phases of the gait cycle. This was then used to calculate three-dimensional (3D) kinematics of the joint. In parallel the reaction force on the knee joint was calculated using gait lab analysis. In the second stage, the 3D finite element model of the knee was created using computerised tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) data. The model was then used to analyse the joint contact loads during the gait cycle based on the input data obtained from the kinematic and reaction force data from stage one. This allowed the analysis of the mechanical behaviour of the knee and thus the stress distribution on the medial and lateral compartments of the knee.

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