Research output: Contribution to journal › Article

**On the time to ruin for a dependent delayed capital injection risk model.** / Ramsden, Lewis; Papaioannou, Apostolos .

Research output: Contribution to journal › Article

Ramsden, L & Papaioannou, A 2019, 'On the time to ruin for a dependent delayed capital injection risk model', *Applied Mathematics and Computation*, vol. 352, pp. 119-135. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amc.2019.01.028

Ramsden, L., & Papaioannou, A. (2019). On the time to ruin for a dependent delayed capital injection risk model. *Applied Mathematics and Computation*, *352*, 119-135. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amc.2019.01.028

Ramsden L, Papaioannou A. On the time to ruin for a dependent delayed capital injection risk model. Applied Mathematics and Computation. 2019 Jul 1;352:119-135. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amc.2019.01.028

@article{f7b39ba5b28d4e309a36321847447f98,

title = "On the time to ruin for a dependent delayed capital injection risk model",

abstract = "In this paper, we propose a generalisation to the Cram{\'e}r–Lundberg risk model, by allowing for a delayed receipt of the required capital injections whenever the surplus of an insurance firm is negative. Delayed capital injections often appear in practice due to the time taken for administrative and processing purposes of the funds from a third party or the shareholders of an insurance firm.The delay time of the capital injection depends on a critical value of the deficit in the following way: if the deficit of the firm is less than the fixed critical value, then it can be covered by available funds and therefore the required capital injection is received instantaneously. On the other hand, if the deficit of the firm exceeds the fixed critical value, then the funds are provided by an alternative source and the required capital injection is received after some time delay. In this modified model, we derive a Fredholm integral equation of the second kind for the ultimate ruin probability and obtain an explicit expression in terms of ruin quantities for the Cram{\'e}r–Lundberg risk model. In addition, we show that other risk quantities, namely the expected discounted accumulated capital injections and the expected discounted overall time in red, up to the time of ruin, satisfy a similar integral equation, which can also be solved explicitly. Finally, we extend the capital injection delayed risk model, such that the delay of the capital injections depends explicitly on the amount of the deficit. In this generalised risk model, we derive another Fredholm integral equation for the ultimate ruin probability, which is solved in terms of a Neumann series.",

author = "Lewis Ramsden and Apostolos Papaioannou",

note = "{\circledC} 2019 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.",

year = "2019",

month = "7",

day = "1",

doi = "10.1016/j.amc.2019.01.028",

language = "English",

volume = "352",

pages = "119--135",

journal = "Applied Mathematics and Computation",

issn = "0096-3003",

publisher = "Elsevier Inc.",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - On the time to ruin for a dependent delayed capital injection risk model

AU - Ramsden, Lewis

AU - Papaioannou, Apostolos

N1 - © 2019 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

PY - 2019/7/1

Y1 - 2019/7/1

N2 - In this paper, we propose a generalisation to the Cramér–Lundberg risk model, by allowing for a delayed receipt of the required capital injections whenever the surplus of an insurance firm is negative. Delayed capital injections often appear in practice due to the time taken for administrative and processing purposes of the funds from a third party or the shareholders of an insurance firm.The delay time of the capital injection depends on a critical value of the deficit in the following way: if the deficit of the firm is less than the fixed critical value, then it can be covered by available funds and therefore the required capital injection is received instantaneously. On the other hand, if the deficit of the firm exceeds the fixed critical value, then the funds are provided by an alternative source and the required capital injection is received after some time delay. In this modified model, we derive a Fredholm integral equation of the second kind for the ultimate ruin probability and obtain an explicit expression in terms of ruin quantities for the Cramér–Lundberg risk model. In addition, we show that other risk quantities, namely the expected discounted accumulated capital injections and the expected discounted overall time in red, up to the time of ruin, satisfy a similar integral equation, which can also be solved explicitly. Finally, we extend the capital injection delayed risk model, such that the delay of the capital injections depends explicitly on the amount of the deficit. In this generalised risk model, we derive another Fredholm integral equation for the ultimate ruin probability, which is solved in terms of a Neumann series.

AB - In this paper, we propose a generalisation to the Cramér–Lundberg risk model, by allowing for a delayed receipt of the required capital injections whenever the surplus of an insurance firm is negative. Delayed capital injections often appear in practice due to the time taken for administrative and processing purposes of the funds from a third party or the shareholders of an insurance firm.The delay time of the capital injection depends on a critical value of the deficit in the following way: if the deficit of the firm is less than the fixed critical value, then it can be covered by available funds and therefore the required capital injection is received instantaneously. On the other hand, if the deficit of the firm exceeds the fixed critical value, then the funds are provided by an alternative source and the required capital injection is received after some time delay. In this modified model, we derive a Fredholm integral equation of the second kind for the ultimate ruin probability and obtain an explicit expression in terms of ruin quantities for the Cramér–Lundberg risk model. In addition, we show that other risk quantities, namely the expected discounted accumulated capital injections and the expected discounted overall time in red, up to the time of ruin, satisfy a similar integral equation, which can also be solved explicitly. Finally, we extend the capital injection delayed risk model, such that the delay of the capital injections depends explicitly on the amount of the deficit. In this generalised risk model, we derive another Fredholm integral equation for the ultimate ruin probability, which is solved in terms of a Neumann series.

U2 - 10.1016/j.amc.2019.01.028

DO - 10.1016/j.amc.2019.01.028

M3 - Article

VL - 352

SP - 119

EP - 135

JO - Applied Mathematics and Computation

JF - Applied Mathematics and Computation

SN - 0096-3003

ER -