University of Hertfordshire

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Original languageEnglish
Number of pages12
Pages (from-to)174-185
JournalCortex
Journal publication date1 Feb 2017
Volume87
IssueSpecial Issue: Research Report
Early online date19 Oct 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2017

Abstract

The various neurocognitive processes contributing to the sense of body ownership have been investigated extensively in healthy participants, but studies in neurological patients can shed unique light into such phenomena. Here, we aimed to investigate whether visual capture by a fake hand (without any synchronous or asynchronous tactile stimulation) affects body ownership in a group of hemiplegic patients with or without disturbed sensation of limb ownership (DSO) following damage to the right hemisphere. We recruited 31 consecutive patients, including seven patients with DSO. The majority of our patients (64.5% overall and up to 86% of the patients with DSO) experienced strong feelings of ownership over a rubber hand within 15 sec following mere visual exposure, which correlated with the degree of proprioceptive deficits across groups and in the DSO group. Using voxel-based lesion-symptom mapping analysis, we were able to identify lesions associated with this pathological visual capture effect in a selective fronto-parietal network, including significant voxels (p < .05) in the frontal operculum and the inferior frontal gyrus. By contrast, lesions associated with DSO involved more posterior lesions, including the right temporoparietal junction and a large area of the supramarginal gyrus, and to a lesser degree the middle frontal gyrus. Thus, this study suggests that our sense of ownership includes dissociable mechanisms of multisensory integration.

Notes

© 2016 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CCBY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/) funded by European Research Council. The version of record, Martinaud, O., et al., 'Ownership illusions in patients with body delusions: Different neural profiles of visual capture and disownership,' Cortex, Vol 87, Special Issue, pp. 174-185, first published online 19 October 2016, is available online at doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cortex.2016.09/025

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