University of Hertfordshire

From the same journal

From the same journal

By the same authors


  • T. Siegert
  • R. Diehl
  • J. Greiner
  • M.~G.~H. Krause
  • A.~M. Beloborodov
  • M.~C. Bel
  • F. Guglielmetti
  • J. Rodriguez
  • A.~W. Strong
  • X. Zhang
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Original languageEnglish
Number of pages3
Pages (from-to)341-343
Journal publication date17 Mar 2016
Early online date29 Feb 2016
Publication statusPublished - 17 Mar 2016


Microquasars1, 2, 3, 4 are stellar-mass black holes accreting matter from a companion star5 and ejecting plasma jets at almost the speed of light. They are analogues of quasars that contain supermassive black holes of 106 to 1010 solar masses. Accretion in microquasars varies on much shorter timescales than in quasars and occasionally produces exceptionally bright X-ray flares6. How the flares are produced is unclear, as is the mechanism for launching the relativistic jets and their composition. An emission line near 511 kiloelectronvolts has long been sought in the emission spectrum of microquasars as evidence for the expected electron–positron plasma. Transient high-energy spectral features have been reported in two objects7, 8, but their positron interpretation9 remains contentious. Here we report observations of γ-ray emission from the microquasar V404 Cygni during a recent period of strong flaring activity10. The emission spectrum around 511 kiloelectronvolts shows clear signatures of variable positron annihilation, which implies a high rate of positron production. This supports the earlier conjecture that microquasars may be the main sources of the electron–positron plasma responsible for the bright diffuse emission of annihilation γ-rays in the bulge region of our Galaxy11. Additionally, microquasars could be the origin of the observed megaelectronvolt continuum excess in the inner Galaxy.


This document is the Accepted Manuscript version of the following article: Thomas Siegert, et al, ‘Positron annihilation signatures associated with the outburst of the microquasar V404 Cygni’, Nature: International Journal of Science, Vol. 531: 341-343, March 2016, DOI: Content in the UH Research Archive is made available for personal research, educational, and non-commercial purposes only. Unless otherwise stated, all content is protected by copyright, and in the absence of an open license, permissions for further re-use should be sought from the publisher, the author, or other copyright holder.

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