University of Hertfordshire

From the same journal

By the same authors

  • Giovanni Martinotti
  • Eduardo Cinosi
  • Rita Santacroce
  • Duccio Papanti
  • Anna Pasquini
  • Valerio Mancini
  • Mariangela Corbo
  • Federica Fiori
  • Fabiola Sarchione
  • Daniela Marchetti
  • Maria Cristina Verrocchio
  • Massimo di Giannantonio
  • Marta Torrens
  • Fabrizio Schifano
  • Maria Jose Morlan Coarasa
  • Cristina Merino del Villar
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Original languageEnglish
JournalHuman Psychopharmacology
Journal publication date2017
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2017

Abstract

Objectives: We aimed to describe a sample of subjects admitted to a psychiatric unit after the intake of psychoactive substances for recreational purposes. Methods: Between June and September 2015, 49 subjects were included. Sociodemographic characteristics and psychopathological aspects were investigated, and urine samples for further analysis were collected. Three subgroups (cannabinoids, stimulants, and depressors users) were identified, according to the structured interview regarding substance use and urinalysis. Results: Level of aggressiveness was found to be significantly higher (p < .05) in the cannabinoids subgroup. Self-reported symptom severity was comparable among groups, but trends could be identified: SCL-90 results showed a prevalence of anxiety symptoms among depressors users, hostility or aggression in the tetrahydrocannabinol subgroup, and psychoticism in the stimulants subgroup. Conclusions: The use of psychoactive substances was be characterised by poly-use of both traditional and novel substances. The presence of aggressiveness emerged as a main feature associated with the use of cannabis and other cannabinoids. Binge drinking and sleep deprivation also represented a relevant component in almost all the evaluated subjects.

ID: 12009852