University of Hertfordshire

By the same authors

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Original languageEnglish
Journaltransformative education
Journal publication date2019
Publication statusSubmitted - 2019


This article describes how adults learn to self-manage chronic bodily symptoms, a complex and costly health problem. It proposes a theory of learning for an innovative, research-informed intervention, The BodyMind Approach (TBMA), aimed at developing confidence, competence, skills, knowledge and understanding for self-management for people with medically unexplained symptoms (MUS). TBMA is inter-disciplinary, combining embodiment and arts in health with transformative learning. The problem is presented together with how the intervention cultivates learning for sustaining the self-management of symptoms is presented. Promoting self-management fills the gap between patient needs and health service capacity. Previous studies identify learning through this method enables people to manage their symptoms when under stress in an ever-changing environment, supporting sufficient structure, agency, reflexivity, self-efficacy and self-regulatory strategies to maintain resilience in the face of life adversity, despite their symptoms.
Keywords: adult learning; transformative learning; The BodyMind Approach; self-management; medically unexplained symptoms

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