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The impact of compliance with a compulsory model of drug diversion on treatment engagement and reoffending. / McSweeney, Tim; Hughes, Caitlin; Ritter, Alison.

In: Drugs: Education, Prevention and Policy, Vol. 25, No. 1, 06.11.2016, p. 56-66.

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@article{b3c870ba24ec45299d3260e162294ff0,
title = "The impact of compliance with a compulsory model of drug diversion on treatment engagement and reoffending",
abstract = "Aim: Over a 10-year period from 2003, around 1.7 million arrests in England and Wales resulted in the suspect being exposed to mandatory drug testing and assessment processes. These provisions formed part of a wider drug interventions programme costing £1.3 billion. This study sought to assess the impact of compliance with these measures on treatment uptake and reoffending. Recidivism risk factors were also investigated. Methods: The use of linked administrative data relating to matched samples of recent heroin and/or cocaine (H/C) users identified in one English police force area over a 12-month period (N =1630). Findings: There was no association between compliance with a compulsory model of drug diversion and subsequent engagement with structured treatment services, rates of treatment retention and successful discharge. Compliance was also not found to be associated with reductions in the rate and volume of reoffending after 12 months. The factor with the largest effect on risk of recidivism was poly use of H/C. Main offence, engagement with structured treatment, number of prior convictions and (younger) age were also identified as recidivism risk factors. Conclusions: These results are discussed in the context of subsequent legislation and policy which further expands the reach of mandatory testing and assessment measures as a form of constraints-based drug diversion.",
keywords = "Drug diversion, drug interventions programme, England and Wales, propensity score matching, reoffending, treatment uptake",
author = "Tim McSweeney and Caitlin Hughes and Alison Ritter",
year = "2016",
month = "11",
day = "6",
doi = "10.1080/09687637.2016.1219695",
language = "English",
volume = "25",
pages = "56--66",
journal = "Drugs: Education, Prevention and Policy",
issn = "0968-7637",
publisher = "Informa Healthcare",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - The impact of compliance with a compulsory model of drug diversion on treatment engagement and reoffending

AU - McSweeney, Tim

AU - Hughes, Caitlin

AU - Ritter, Alison

PY - 2016/11/6

Y1 - 2016/11/6

N2 - Aim: Over a 10-year period from 2003, around 1.7 million arrests in England and Wales resulted in the suspect being exposed to mandatory drug testing and assessment processes. These provisions formed part of a wider drug interventions programme costing £1.3 billion. This study sought to assess the impact of compliance with these measures on treatment uptake and reoffending. Recidivism risk factors were also investigated. Methods: The use of linked administrative data relating to matched samples of recent heroin and/or cocaine (H/C) users identified in one English police force area over a 12-month period (N =1630). Findings: There was no association between compliance with a compulsory model of drug diversion and subsequent engagement with structured treatment services, rates of treatment retention and successful discharge. Compliance was also not found to be associated with reductions in the rate and volume of reoffending after 12 months. The factor with the largest effect on risk of recidivism was poly use of H/C. Main offence, engagement with structured treatment, number of prior convictions and (younger) age were also identified as recidivism risk factors. Conclusions: These results are discussed in the context of subsequent legislation and policy which further expands the reach of mandatory testing and assessment measures as a form of constraints-based drug diversion.

AB - Aim: Over a 10-year period from 2003, around 1.7 million arrests in England and Wales resulted in the suspect being exposed to mandatory drug testing and assessment processes. These provisions formed part of a wider drug interventions programme costing £1.3 billion. This study sought to assess the impact of compliance with these measures on treatment uptake and reoffending. Recidivism risk factors were also investigated. Methods: The use of linked administrative data relating to matched samples of recent heroin and/or cocaine (H/C) users identified in one English police force area over a 12-month period (N =1630). Findings: There was no association between compliance with a compulsory model of drug diversion and subsequent engagement with structured treatment services, rates of treatment retention and successful discharge. Compliance was also not found to be associated with reductions in the rate and volume of reoffending after 12 months. The factor with the largest effect on risk of recidivism was poly use of H/C. Main offence, engagement with structured treatment, number of prior convictions and (younger) age were also identified as recidivism risk factors. Conclusions: These results are discussed in the context of subsequent legislation and policy which further expands the reach of mandatory testing and assessment measures as a form of constraints-based drug diversion.

KW - Drug diversion

KW - drug interventions programme

KW - England and Wales

KW - propensity score matching

KW - reoffending

KW - treatment uptake

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84994378080&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/09687637.2016.1219695

DO - 10.1080/09687637.2016.1219695

M3 - Article

VL - 25

SP - 56

EP - 66

JO - Drugs: Education, Prevention and Policy

JF - Drugs: Education, Prevention and Policy

SN - 0968-7637

IS - 1

ER -