University of Hertfordshire

From the same journal

From the same journal

By the same authors


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    Accepted author manuscript, 3 MB, PDF document

  • B. Mingo
  • M. G. Watson
  • S. R. Rosen
  • M. J. Hardcastle
  • A. Ruiz
  • A. Blain
  • F. J. Carrera
  • S. Mateos
  • F. X. Pineau
  • G. C. Stewart
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Original languageEnglish
Number of pages37
Pages (from-to)2631-2667
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Journal publication date1 Nov 2016
Early online date28 Jul 2016
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2016


We cross-correlate the largest available Mid-Infrared (WISE), X-ray (3XMM) and Radio (FIRST+NVSS) catalogues to define the MIXR sample of AGN and star-forming galaxies. We pre-classify the sources based on their positions on the WISE colour/colour plot, showing that the MIXR triple selection is extremely effective to diagnose the star formation and AGN activity of individual populations, even on a flux/magnitude basis, extending the diagnostics to objects with luminosities and redshifts from SDSS DR12. We recover the radio/mid-IR star formation correlation with great accuracy, and use it to classify our sources, based on their activity, as radio-loud and radio-quiet AGN, LERGs/LINERs, and non-AGN galaxies. These diagnostics can prove extremely useful for large AGN and galaxy samples, and help develop ways to efficiently triage sources when data from the next generation of instruments becomes available. We study bias in detail, and show that while the widely-used WISE colour selections for AGN are very successful at cleanly selecting samples of luminous AGN, they miss or misclassify a substantial fraction of AGN at lower luminosities and/or higher redshifts. MIXR also allows us to test the relation between radiative and kinetic (jet) power in radio-loud AGN, for which a tight correlation is expected due to a mutual dependence on accretion. Our results highlight that long-term AGN variability, jet regulation, and other factors affecting the $Q/L$$_{bol}$ relation, are introducing a vast amount of scatter in this relation, with dramatic potential consequences on our current understanding of AGN feedback and its effect on star formation.


This is a pre-copyedited, author-produced PDF of an article accepted for publication in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society following peer review. The version of record [MNRAS (November 01, 2016) 462 (3): 2631-2667. First published online July 28, 2016] is available online at: doi: 10.1093/mnras/stw1826


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