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The physiological demands of elite epée fencers during competition

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The physiological demands of elite epée fencers during competition. / Oates, Luke; Campbell, Ian; Iglesias, Xavier; Price, Mike; Muniz, Daniel; Bottoms, Lindsay.

In: International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport, Vol. 19, No. 1, 02.01.2019, p. 76-89.

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Oates, Luke ; Campbell, Ian ; Iglesias, Xavier ; Price, Mike ; Muniz, Daniel ; Bottoms, Lindsay. / The physiological demands of elite epée fencers during competition. In: International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport. 2019 ; Vol. 19, No. 1. pp. 76-89.

Bibtex

@article{880190b6b9ce4262b90d5fa6cdcc5ad0,
title = "The physiological demands of elite ep{\'e}e fencers during competition",
abstract = "The aim of this study was to determine the physiological demands of ep{\'e}e fencing performance. Eight elite male ep{\'e}e fencers competed in a competition consisting of 7 Poule and 7 Direct Elimination (DE) fights. Core temperature (TC), heart rate (HR), movement patterns, training load, and differentiated ratings of perceived exertion (RPE) were collected for all Poule and DE fights. Expired gas, and energy expenditure (EE) were measured using breath-by-breath gas analysis during selected fights, along with blood lactate concentration. Maximal HR and RPE were greater in DE than Poule fights. There was a tendency for greater increases inTC in DE compared to Poule fights (p = 0.052). Blood lactate concentration decreased during the competition from Poule to DE suggesting reliance on phosphocreatine and aerobic energy sources during fencing. High oxygen consumption (~50 ml.kg−1. min−1) and EE (~13 kcal.min−1) were recorded in both Poule and DE. Fencers covered 3 times more distance in DE than Poule fights.High training load scores were also recorded. This is the first study to show an increased physiological strain, with high aerobic and anaerobic demands, as fencing competition progressed from Poule to DE. Additionally, there was a considerable energy demand exhibited during ep{\'e}e competition.",
keywords = "Fencing, competition, ep{\'e}e, physiological demands, tri-axial accelerometer",
author = "Luke Oates and Ian Campbell and Xavier Iglesias and Mike Price and Daniel Muniz and Lindsay Bottoms",
note = "{\circledC} 2018 Cardiff Metropolitan University.",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
day = "2",
doi = "10.1080/24748668.2018.1563858",
language = "English",
volume = "19",
pages = "76--89",
journal = "International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport",
issn = "1474-8185",
publisher = "University of Wales Institute, Cardiff",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - The physiological demands of elite epée fencers during competition

AU - Oates, Luke

AU - Campbell, Ian

AU - Iglesias, Xavier

AU - Price, Mike

AU - Muniz, Daniel

AU - Bottoms, Lindsay

N1 - © 2018 Cardiff Metropolitan University.

PY - 2019/1/2

Y1 - 2019/1/2

N2 - The aim of this study was to determine the physiological demands of epée fencing performance. Eight elite male epée fencers competed in a competition consisting of 7 Poule and 7 Direct Elimination (DE) fights. Core temperature (TC), heart rate (HR), movement patterns, training load, and differentiated ratings of perceived exertion (RPE) were collected for all Poule and DE fights. Expired gas, and energy expenditure (EE) were measured using breath-by-breath gas analysis during selected fights, along with blood lactate concentration. Maximal HR and RPE were greater in DE than Poule fights. There was a tendency for greater increases inTC in DE compared to Poule fights (p = 0.052). Blood lactate concentration decreased during the competition from Poule to DE suggesting reliance on phosphocreatine and aerobic energy sources during fencing. High oxygen consumption (~50 ml.kg−1. min−1) and EE (~13 kcal.min−1) were recorded in both Poule and DE. Fencers covered 3 times more distance in DE than Poule fights.High training load scores were also recorded. This is the first study to show an increased physiological strain, with high aerobic and anaerobic demands, as fencing competition progressed from Poule to DE. Additionally, there was a considerable energy demand exhibited during epée competition.

AB - The aim of this study was to determine the physiological demands of epée fencing performance. Eight elite male epée fencers competed in a competition consisting of 7 Poule and 7 Direct Elimination (DE) fights. Core temperature (TC), heart rate (HR), movement patterns, training load, and differentiated ratings of perceived exertion (RPE) were collected for all Poule and DE fights. Expired gas, and energy expenditure (EE) were measured using breath-by-breath gas analysis during selected fights, along with blood lactate concentration. Maximal HR and RPE were greater in DE than Poule fights. There was a tendency for greater increases inTC in DE compared to Poule fights (p = 0.052). Blood lactate concentration decreased during the competition from Poule to DE suggesting reliance on phosphocreatine and aerobic energy sources during fencing. High oxygen consumption (~50 ml.kg−1. min−1) and EE (~13 kcal.min−1) were recorded in both Poule and DE. Fencers covered 3 times more distance in DE than Poule fights.High training load scores were also recorded. This is the first study to show an increased physiological strain, with high aerobic and anaerobic demands, as fencing competition progressed from Poule to DE. Additionally, there was a considerable energy demand exhibited during epée competition.

KW - Fencing

KW - competition

KW - epée

KW - physiological demands

KW - tri-axial accelerometer

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85061013701&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/24748668.2018.1563858

DO - 10.1080/24748668.2018.1563858

M3 - Article

VL - 19

SP - 76

EP - 89

JO - International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport

JF - International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport

SN - 1474-8185

IS - 1

ER -