University of Hertfordshire

By the same authors

Under Pressure: How Time-Limited Cognition Explains Statistical Learning by 8-Month Old Infants

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Standard

Under Pressure: How Time-Limited Cognition Explains Statistical Learning by 8-Month Old Infants. / Lloyd-Kelly, Martyn; Gobet, Fernand; Lane, Peter.

Proceedings of the 38th Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society. COGSCI, 2016.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Harvard

Lloyd-Kelly, M, Gobet, F & Lane, P 2016, Under Pressure: How Time-Limited Cognition Explains Statistical Learning by 8-Month Old Infants. in Proceedings of the 38th Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society. COGSCI, The 38th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society, Pennsylvania , United States, 10/08/16.

APA

Lloyd-Kelly, M., Gobet, F., & Lane, P. (2016). Under Pressure: How Time-Limited Cognition Explains Statistical Learning by 8-Month Old Infants. In Proceedings of the 38th Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society COGSCI.

Vancouver

Lloyd-Kelly M, Gobet F, Lane P. Under Pressure: How Time-Limited Cognition Explains Statistical Learning by 8-Month Old Infants. In Proceedings of the 38th Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society. COGSCI. 2016

Author

Lloyd-Kelly, Martyn ; Gobet, Fernand ; Lane, Peter. / Under Pressure: How Time-Limited Cognition Explains Statistical Learning by 8-Month Old Infants. Proceedings of the 38th Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society. COGSCI, 2016.

Bibtex

@inproceedings{36f111da89b341d491dbaadfacf25d3c,
title = "Under Pressure: How Time-Limited Cognition Explains Statistical Learning by 8-Month Old Infants",
abstract = "In a classic experiment, Saffran, Aslin, and Newport (1996)used a headturn preference procedure to show that infants candiscriminate between familiar syllable sequences (“words”)and new syllable sequences (“non-words” and “part-words”).While several computational models have simulated aspects oftheir data and proposed that the learning of transitional prob-abilities could be mediated by neural-net or chunking mech-anisms, none have simulated the absolute values of infants’listening times in the different experimental conditions. In thispaper, we used CHREST, a model based on chunking, to sim-ulate these listening times. The model simulated the fact thatinfants listened longer to novel words (non-words and part-words) than familiar words. While the times observed with themodel were longer than those observed with infants, we makea novel finding with regard to phonological store trace decay.We also propose how to modify CHREST to produce data thatfits closer to the human data.",
author = "Martyn Lloyd-Kelly and Fernand Gobet and Peter Lane",
year = "2016",
language = "English",
isbn = "978-0-9911967-3-9",
booktitle = "Proceedings of the 38th Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society",
publisher = "COGSCI",

}

RIS

TY - GEN

T1 - Under Pressure: How Time-Limited Cognition Explains Statistical Learning by 8-Month Old Infants

AU - Lloyd-Kelly, Martyn

AU - Gobet, Fernand

AU - Lane, Peter

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - In a classic experiment, Saffran, Aslin, and Newport (1996)used a headturn preference procedure to show that infants candiscriminate between familiar syllable sequences (“words”)and new syllable sequences (“non-words” and “part-words”).While several computational models have simulated aspects oftheir data and proposed that the learning of transitional prob-abilities could be mediated by neural-net or chunking mech-anisms, none have simulated the absolute values of infants’listening times in the different experimental conditions. In thispaper, we used CHREST, a model based on chunking, to sim-ulate these listening times. The model simulated the fact thatinfants listened longer to novel words (non-words and part-words) than familiar words. While the times observed with themodel were longer than those observed with infants, we makea novel finding with regard to phonological store trace decay.We also propose how to modify CHREST to produce data thatfits closer to the human data.

AB - In a classic experiment, Saffran, Aslin, and Newport (1996)used a headturn preference procedure to show that infants candiscriminate between familiar syllable sequences (“words”)and new syllable sequences (“non-words” and “part-words”).While several computational models have simulated aspects oftheir data and proposed that the learning of transitional prob-abilities could be mediated by neural-net or chunking mech-anisms, none have simulated the absolute values of infants’listening times in the different experimental conditions. In thispaper, we used CHREST, a model based on chunking, to sim-ulate these listening times. The model simulated the fact thatinfants listened longer to novel words (non-words and part-words) than familiar words. While the times observed with themodel were longer than those observed with infants, we makea novel finding with regard to phonological store trace decay.We also propose how to modify CHREST to produce data thatfits closer to the human data.

M3 - Conference contribution

SN - 978-0-9911967-3-9

BT - Proceedings of the 38th Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society

PB - COGSCI

ER -