3D and 4D Printing in Digital Healthcare

Atheer Awad, Abdul W. Basit

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Three-dimensional (3D) printing is a digital manufacturing system that is transforming pharmaceutical production by empowering patients to play an active role in the treatment process. Along with its dynamic form, namely, four-dimensional (4D) printing, this technology can challenge boundaries across industries. Within healthcare, their digital features make them well suited for designing and formulating countless drug products with properties personalised to the needs and preferences of individual patients. Although not fully embraced, it has been predicted that 3D printing would work in synchronisation with other cyber technologies, giving rise to a modern healthcare era based on continuous patient care. This book chapter will summarise the history of 3D and 4D printing and provide an insight on their use for personalised medicine. This will be followed by a futuristic vision of its role in a modern digital healthcare model.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication3D & 4D Printing Methods for Pharmaceutical Manufacturing and Personalised Drug Delivery
EditorsDimitrios Lamprou
PublisherSpringer Nature
Number of pages23
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-031-34119-9
ISBN (Print)978-3-031-34118-2
Publication statusPublished - 5 Aug 2023

Publication series

NameAAPS Introductions in the Pharmaceutical Sciences


  • Digitised health and industry 4.0
  • Pharmacy or Pharma 4.0
  • Additive manufacturing
  • Tailored dosage forms and medications
  • Personalized drug products
  • Biomedical engineering and medical devices
  • 3D-printed formulations
  • Tailored therapeutics and precision medicine
  • On-demand dispensing and drug manufacturing
  • Patient-centred smart health
  • Medical care


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