3D Printing: Advancements in the Development of Personalised Pharmaceuticals for Older Adults

Atheer Awad, Patricija Januskaite, Manal Alkahtani, Mine Orlu, Abdul W. Basit

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Three-dimensional (3D) printing is a revolutionary additive manufacturing technology that constructs objects layer-by-layer. This versatile technology encompasses various processes and possesses unique properties. While originally not intended for this purpose, 3D printing has emerged as a promising approach for personalised pharmaceutical production, specifically Printlets™, which are customised dosage forms. The ageing population presents enduring challenges, and 3D printing offers innovative solutions tailored to this patient subgroup. These solutions encompass a wide range of dosage forms, including multi-drug formulations, orally disintegrating tablets, chewable medicines, multiparticulate systems, and formulations for visually or physically impaired patients. Moreover, besides solid oral dosage forms, 3D printing can also fabricate patient-specific devices for drug delivery via the auricular, topical, intravesical, or vaginal routes. This chapter provides an overview of different 3D printing technologies, highlights the various dosage forms suitable for older patients, and briefly discusses the integration of 3D printing with other advanced digital health technologies.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationPharmaceutical Formulations for Older Patients
EditorsMine Orlu, Fang Liu
PublisherSpringer Nature
Number of pages33
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-031-35811-1
ISBN (Print)978-3-031-35810-4
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 11 Nov 2023

Publication series

NameAAPS Advances in the Pharmaceutical Sciences Series
ISSN (Print)2210-7371
ISSN (Electronic)2210-738X


  • Three dimensional printing
  • Personalized medicines
  • Digitised healthcare and industry 4.0
  • Rapid prototyping
  • 3D-printed drug products
  • Oral drug delivery systems
  • Digitised healthcare and industry 4.0


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