A measurement scale for students’ usage of online networks

Rachel Barker, Ong DLT

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Studies suggest that students are increasingly turning to information
and communication technologies as learning tools in which they can
present multiple identities quite explicitly tied to context, knowledge
and understanding within online networks. Hence it is imperative
for educational institutions to understand how twenty-first-century
learners use online networks for their identity formation and learning
experiences. Through a systematic review of existing instruments,
constructs and elements were identified and used to develop a
new conceptual research framework which was quantitatively
tested on a convenience sample of students (n=300) at Sunway
University in Malaysia. Based on the results, a measurement
scale was developed and analysed through structural equation
modelling and confirmatory factor analysis. The responses of the
students revealed they are more likely to use online networks for
identity formation than for the learning experience and that there is
a relationship between identity formation, the learning experience
and the use of online networks.
Original languageEnglish
JournalPerspectives in Education (PiE)
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2016


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