A Multi-planar Approach to Encoding Story Worlds for Dynamic Narrative Generation

David Tree, Alessio Malizia

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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Tabletop Role-Playing Games transport the player to a fantastical fictional world. This world is inhabited by characters, players and objects. Prior to the commencement of play, the Dungeon Master prepares not only the rules of the world but an account of historical events and the current world state. While the rules provide the player with boundaries of play, the character sheets store the current player state, and the back story provides context for the happenings during the game session.

Consider how often a story is told where, “In a land far away lived…”. Rarely does a story rely on a universe where all existents are spontaneously spawned into being. Instead, vast historical worlds with cultures, histories and languages are created. This context provides the reader/viewer/player with an understanding of the world in which they find themselves. Players learn of warring factions, key artefacts, and are introduced to key drivers of the worlds drama. When Non-Playing Characters (NPC) are introduced into the game, the dungeon master draws on this history to form quests and to feed the players a view of this world.

These behavioural systems, however, react to a player’s moves with little consideration for the world context. This lack of context leads to the trope of the robotic NPC with little awareness of the world. How do we ingrain this knowledge of a contextual world?
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationHuman-Computer-Interaction – INTERACT 2021
Subtitle of host publication18th IFIP TC 13 International Conference, Bari, Italy, August 30 – September 3, 2021, Proceedings, Part V
EditorsCarmelo Ardito, Rosa Lanzilotti, Alessio Malizia, Helen Petrie, Antonio Piccinno, Giuseppe Desolda, Kori Inkpen
PublisherSpringer Nature
Number of pages4
Publication statusPublished - 27 Aug 2021
Event18th IFIP Conference on Human-Computer Interaction - Bari, Italy
Duration: 30 Aug 20213 Sept 2021

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science
PublisherSpringer Verlag
ISSN (Print)0302-9743


Conference18th IFIP Conference on Human-Computer Interaction


  • Model-based design of interactive systems
  • Human-centred artifical intelligence
  • Dynamic storytelling generation


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