A national survey of diagnostic tests reported by UK community optometrists for the detection of chronic open angle glaucoma

Joy Myint, David F Edgar, Aachal Kotecha, Ian E Murdoch, John G Lawrenson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Citations (Scopus)


PURPOSE: In the UK, the majority of cases of chronic open angle glaucoma are detected by community optometrists following a routine sight test. However, there is potential for variability in case finding strategies used. The aim of this study was to carry out a national web-based survey to determine current diagnostic tests used by optometrists in glaucoma case finding.

METHODS: Optometrists on the Association of Optometrists (AOP) electronic database were invited to participate. The survey was open for 16 weeks between April and July 2008.

RESULTS: A total of 1875 optometrists were eligible to enter the survey, of which 1264 answered the questions relating to diagnostic equipment. Respondents were asked to indicate their usual method of examining the optic nerve head. Direct ophthalmoscopy only was used by 25% with the majority (62%) using a combination of direct and slit-lamp binocular indirect methods. The vast majority of optometrists (78%) used non-contact tonometry to measure intraocular pressure, with only 16% routinely using a Goldmann or Perkins applanation tonometer. The perimeter most frequently used was either one of the Henson range of instruments (39%) or the Humphrey Field Analyser (22%). A smaller number of optometrists (<5%) had access to more specialised imaging equipment, such as HRT, GDx or OCT.

CONCLUSIONS:   The results of the survey demonstrate that UK optometrists are well equipped to carry out case finding for chronic open angle glaucoma, although there is a lack of standardisation with respect to equipment used.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)353-359
Number of pages7
JournalOphthalmic and Physiological Optics
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 28 Apr 2011


  • Delivery of Health Care
  • Female
  • Glaucoma, Open-Angle
  • Great Britain
  • Health Care Surveys
  • Humans
  • Intraocular Pressure
  • Male
  • Optometry
  • Referral and Consultation
  • Visual Fields


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