A review of recent perspectives on biomechanical risk factors associated with anterior cruciate ligament injury

Gerwyn Hughes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)
58 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

There is considerable evidence to support a number of biomechanical risk factors associated with non-contact anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury. This paper aimed to review these biomechanical risk factors and highlight future directions relating to them. Current perspectives investigating trunk position and relationships between strength, muscle activity and biomechanics during landing/cutting highlight the importance of increasing hamstring muscle force during dynamic movements through altering strength, muscle activity, muscle length and contraction velocity. In particular, increased trunk flexion during landing/cutting and greater hamstring strength are likely to increase hamstring muscle force during landing and cutting which have been associated with reduced ACL injury risk. Decision making has also been shown to influence landing biomechanics and should be considered when designing tasks to assess landing/cutting biomechanics. Coaches should therefore promote hamstring strength training and active trunk flexion during landing and cutting in an attempt to reduce ACL injury risk.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)193-212
Number of pages10
JournalResearch in Sports Medicine
Volume22
Issue number2
Early online date21 Mar 2014
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Keywords

  • strength, landing, trunk, knee

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