A Robust Document Identification Framework through f-BP Fingerprint

Francesco Guarnera, Oliver Giudice, Dario Allegra, Filippo Stanco, Sebastiano Battiato, Salvatore Livatino, Vito Matranga, Angelo Salici

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The identification of printed materials is a critical and challenging issue for security purposes, especially when it comes to documents such as banknotes, tickets, or rare collectable cards: eligible targets for ad hoc forgery. State-of-the-art methods require expensive and specific industrial equipment, while a low-cost, fast, and reliable solution for document identification is increasingly needed in many contexts. This paper presents a method to generate a robust fingerprint,
by the extraction of translucent patterns from paper sheets, and exploiting the peculiarities of binary pattern descriptors. A final descriptor is generated by employing a block-based solution followed by principal component analysis (PCA), to reduce the overall data to be processed. To validate the robustness of the proposed method, a novel dataset was created and recognition tests were performed under both ideal and noisy conditions.
Original languageEnglish
Article number126
Pages (from-to)e126
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Imaging
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 29 Jul 2021


  • Binary pattern
  • Document identification
  • Texture fingerprint


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