A search for high proper motion T dwarfs with pan-starrs1 + 2MASS + wise

Michael C. Liu, Niall R. Deacon, Eugene A. Magnier, Trent J. Dupuy, Kimberly M. Aller, Brendan P. Bowler, Joshua Redstone, Bertrand Goldman, W. S. Burgett, K. C. Chambers, K. W. Hodapp, N. Kaiser, R. P. Kudritzki, J. S. Morgan, P. A. Price, J. L. Tonry, R. J. Wainscoat

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    34 Citations (Scopus)


    We have searched 8200deg2 for high proper motion (05-27year -1) T dwarfs by combining first-epoch data from the Pan-STARRS1 (PS1) 3π Survey, the Two Micron All Sky Survey (2MASS) All-Sky Point Source Catalog, and the WISE Preliminary Data Release. We identified two high proper motion objects with the very red (W1 - W2) colors characteristic of T dwarfs, one being the known T7.5 dwarf GJ 570D. Near-IR spectroscopy of the other object (PSO J043.5395+02.3995 ≡ WISEP J025409.45+022359.1) reveals a spectral type of T8, leading to a photometric distance of 7.2 ± 0.7pc. The 256year-1 proper motion of PSO J043.5+02 is the second highest among field T dwarfs, corresponding to a tangential velocity of 87 ± 8kms -1. According to the Besançon galaxy model, this velocity indicates that its galactic membership is probably in the thin disk, with the thick disk an unlikely possibility. Such membership is in accord with the near-IR spectrum, which points to a surface gravity (age) and metallicity typical of the field population. We combine 2MASS, Sloan Digital Sky Survey, WISE, and PS1 astrometry to derive a preliminary parallax of 171 ± 45 mas (5.8+2.0 -1.2pc), the first such measurement using PS1 data. The proximity and brightness of PSO J043.5+02 will facilitate future characterization of its atmosphere, variability, multiplicity, distance, and kinematics. The modest number of candidates from our search suggests that the immediate (∼10pc) solar neighborhood does not contain a large reservoir of undiscovered T dwarfs earlier than about T8.
    Original languageEnglish
    Article numberL32
    Pages (from-to)1-6
    Number of pages6
    JournalAstrophysical Journal Letters
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished - 23 Sept 2011


    • brown dwarfs
    • proper motions
    • solar neighborhood
    • surveys


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