A self-aligning four-point bend testing rig and sample geometry effect in four-point bend fatigue

T Zhai, Y G Xu, J W Martin, A J Wilkinson, G A D Briggs

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    59 Citations (Scopus)


    A self-aligning four-point bend testing rig was designed and made which can minimise the possible misalignment associated with a four-point bend test and be used to study the fatigue of materials both at room and elevated temperatures. The stress distribution between the inner-rollers in a specimen under four-point bend, that is the nominal pure-bending section length, was analysed with respect to various load-span/specimen-thickness ratios (t/h) and support-span/load-span ratios (Wt) using a finite element method. It was found that the stress distribution could vary with both t/h and L/t. It was found that values of t/h and L/t between 1.2 and 1.5 and between 4 and 5, respectively, were the optimum testing geometry which led to a relatively uniform stress distribution consistent with the value calculated by beam theory. Fatigue tests (R=0.1 and frequency=20 Hz) were carried out on samples with different thickness in a peak-aged 8090 AI-Li alloy using the rig. The results appear to support the finite element results. The S-N curve of the 8090 Al-Li alloy was measured using the optimum testing geometry in the four-point bend, and it was found to be consistent with that reported in the literature. (C) 1999 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)889-894
    Number of pages6
    JournalInternational Journal of Fatigue
    Issue number9
    Publication statusPublished - Oct 1999


    • four-point-bend fatigue test
    • geometry effect
    • 8090 Al-Li alloy
    • S-N curve
    • finite element method
    • CRACKS


    Dive into the research topics of 'A self-aligning four-point bend testing rig and sample geometry effect in four-point bend fatigue'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this