An application of silicon micromachining to the analysis of blood cell theology is described. The system, based upon a micromachined flow cell, provides a specific measurement of each cell in a statistically significant population in terms of both flow velocity profile and an index of cell volume while the cells flow through an array of microchannels. The-rationale, design, and fabrication of the silicon micromachined flow cell is discussed. Interrelated considerations determining the design of the associated fluidic, mechanical, imaging, and real-time image analysis subsystems are examined. Sample data comparing normal and iron deficiency anaemic blood are presented to illustrate the potential of this technique.
- erythrocyte deformability