A spectroscopic and proper motion search of Sloan Digital Sky Survey: red subdwarfs in binary systems

Z. H. Zhang, D.J. Pinfield, B. Burningham, H.R.A. Jones, M. C. Galvez-Ortiz, S. Catalan, R. L. Smart, S. Lepine, J. R. A. Clarke, Ya V. Pavlenko, D. N. Murray, M. K. Kuznetsov, A. C. Day-Jones, J. Gomes, F. Marocco, B. Sipocz

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Abstract

Red subdwarfs in binary systems are crucial for both model calibration and spectral classification. We search for red subdwarfs in binary systems from a sample of high proper motion objects with Sloan Digital Sky Survey spectroscopy. We present here discoveries from this search, as well as highlight several additional objects of interest. We find 30 red subdwarfs in wide binary systems including: two with spectral type of esdM5.5, 6 companions to white dwarfs and 3 carbon-enhanced red subdwarfs with normal red subdwarf companions. 15 red subdwarfs in our sample are partially resolved close binary systems. With this binary sample, we estimate the low limit of the red subdwarf binary fraction of similar to 10 per cent. We find that the binary fraction goes down with decreasing masses and metallicities of red subdwarfs. A spectroscopic esdK7 subdwarf + white dwarf binary candidate is also reported. 30 new M subdwarfs have spectral type of >= M6 in our sample. We also derive relationships between spectral types and absolute magnitudes in the optical and near-infrared for M and L subdwarfs, and we present an M subdwarf sample with measured U, V, W space velocities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1005-1027
Number of pages23
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume434
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2013

Keywords

  • brown dwarfs
  • stars: carbon
  • stars: late-type
  • stars: Population II
  • subdwarfs
  • Galaxy: halo
  • LOW-MASS STARS
  • EXTRASOLAR GIANT PLANETS
  • COOLEST EXTREME SUBDWARF
  • M TELESCOPE PROGRAM
  • DWARF CARBON STAR
  • K-BAND SPECTRA
  • WHITE-DWARFS
  • SOLAR NEIGHBORHOOD
  • ULTRACOOL SUBDWARFS
  • BROWN DWARFS

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