TY - JOUR

T1 - A virial theorem for rotating charged perfect fluids in general relativity

AU - Georgiou, A.

N1 - Original article can be found at: http://www.iop.org Copyright Institute of Physics and IOP Publishing Ltd. [Full text of article is not available in the UHRA]

PY - 2003

Y1 - 2003

N2 - We obtain an exact form of the virial theorem in general relativity, which is sufficiently general to be applied to charged, conducting, rotating perfect fluids in electromagnetic and gravitational fields. The case of infinite conductivity is of particular importance in astrophysics and we derive the relevant equations from the general results. We indicate how to calculate the post-Newtonian limits of various expressions and show that in the absence of both, the electric and magnetic fields, they lead to Chandrasekhar's post-Newtonian virial theorem in hydrodynamics. We also note that Chandrasekhar's (Newtonian) virial theorem in hydromagnetics may be derived from the Newtonian limit of the exact equations obtained. Some possible applications are pointed out. Finally, we use the exact form of the virial theorem to obtain, in co-moving coordinates, equilibrium conditions for bounded rotating charged dust.

AB - We obtain an exact form of the virial theorem in general relativity, which is sufficiently general to be applied to charged, conducting, rotating perfect fluids in electromagnetic and gravitational fields. The case of infinite conductivity is of particular importance in astrophysics and we derive the relevant equations from the general results. We indicate how to calculate the post-Newtonian limits of various expressions and show that in the absence of both, the electric and magnetic fields, they lead to Chandrasekhar's post-Newtonian virial theorem in hydrodynamics. We also note that Chandrasekhar's (Newtonian) virial theorem in hydromagnetics may be derived from the Newtonian limit of the exact equations obtained. Some possible applications are pointed out. Finally, we use the exact form of the virial theorem to obtain, in co-moving coordinates, equilibrium conditions for bounded rotating charged dust.

KW - fluid dynamics

KW - accelerators

KW - beams and electromagnetism

KW - gravitation and cosmology

KW - astrophysics and astroparticles

U2 - 10.1088/0264-9381/20/2/309

DO - 10.1088/0264-9381/20/2/309

M3 - Article

SN - 0264-9381

VL - 20

SP - 359

EP - 368

JO - Classical and Quantum Gravity

JF - Classical and Quantum Gravity

IS - 2

ER -