Achievable Rate Optimization for Large Stacked Intelligent Metasurfaces Based on Statistical CSI

Anastasios Papazafeiropoulos, Pandelis Kourtessis, Symeon Chatzinotas, Dimitra I. Kaklamani, Iakovos S. Venieris

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Stacked intelligent metasurface (SIM) is an emerging design that consists of multiple layers of metasurfaces. A SIM enables holographic multiple-input multiple-output (HMIMO) precoding in the wave domain, which results in the reduction of energy consumption and hardware cost. On the ground of multiuser beamforming, this letter focuses on the downlink achievable rate and its maximization. Contrary to previous works on multiuser SIM, we consider statistical channel state information (CSI) as opposed to instantaneous CSI to overcome challenges such as large overhead. Also, we examine the performance of large surfaces. We apply an alternating optimization (AO) algorithm regarding the phases of the SIM and the allocated transmit power. Simulations illustrate the performance of the considered large SIM-assisted design as well as the comparison between different CSI considerations.
Original languageEnglish
Article number3407863
Pages (from-to)1-5
Number of pages5
JournalIEEE Wireless Communications Letters
Publication statusPublished - 31 May 2024


  • Metasurfaces
  • Optimization
  • Downlink
  • Vectors
  • Reconfigurable intelligent surfaces
  • Array signal processing
  • Signal to noise ratio
  • Reconfigurable intelligent surface (RIS)
  • stacked intelligent metasurfaces (SIM)
  • 6G networks


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