Advanced animal track-&-trace supply-chain conceptual framework: An internet of things approach

Richard Addo-Tenkorang, Norman Gwangwava, Enoch N. Ogunmuyiwa, Albert U. Ude

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review


Information and data transmission, as well as total visibility in terms of supply chain track-&-trace, is seriously lacking in current industrial logistics-&-supply-chain management activities. This paper proposes the application of RFIDs and the Internet of things' enterprise systems architecture to, propose a low-cost feasible cloud solution. This solution would keep track of health history, birth records, ownership history and track location of each animal by using an electronic solar-powered tag instead of the current passive ear tags. This paper employs GPRS, GSM and the Google Earth function along with RFIDs to design an enhanced proposed enterprise system-architecture framework in the form of a business process model. Various areas such as e-health, e-commerce, and cloud-based manufacturing have been revolutionized by discoveries in digitized practices. Advancements in the Internet of things led to the advent of asset tracking systems, condition monitoring and various intelligent systems that exchange data over the cloud. Farmers are very vulnerable to stock theft, straying animals and high business risks due to poor animal health management practices. Existing tracking systems have high ownership costs since some of them rely on GSM network providers whose services are costly for farmers. Innovations in digitized systems continue to add more value to businesses and individuals across broad range sectors. Authors of this paper propose a low-cost intelligent animal tracking system for an African free-ranging environment. Economies worldwide are ever becoming digital and animal husbandry practices stand to benefit from this digitisation approach.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)56-63
Number of pages8
JournalProcedia Manufacturing
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Externally publishedYes
Event14th Global Congress on Manufacturing and Management, GCMM 2018 - Brisbane, Australia
Duration: 5 Dec 20187 Dec 2018


  • Animal Identification and Tracking
  • Cloud/Virtual Network
  • Digital manufacturing - 3D Printing
  • Google Earth
  • Supply Chain Management
  • The Internet of things


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