Advancing pharmacy and healthcare with virtual digital technologies

Sarah J. Trenfield, Atheer Awad, Laura E. McCoubrey, Moe Elbadawi, Alvaro Goyanes, Simon Gaisford, Abdul W. Basit

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


Digitalisation of the healthcare sector promises to revolutionise patient healthcare globally. From the different technologies, virtual tools including artificial intelligence, blockchain, virtual, and augmented reality, to name but a few, are providing significant benefits to patients and the pharmaceutical sector alike, ranging from improving access to clinicians and medicines, as well as improving real-time diagnoses and treatments. Indeed, it is envisioned that such technologies will communicate together in real-time, as well as with their physical counterparts, to create a large-scale, cyber healthcare system. Despite the significant benefits that virtual-based digital health technologies can bring to patient care, a number of challenges still remain, ranging from data security to acceptance within the healthcare sector. This review provides a timely account of the benefits and challenges of virtual health interventions, as well an outlook on how such technologies can be transitioned from research-focused towards real-world healthcare and pharmaceutical applications to transform treatment pathways for patients worldwide.

Original languageEnglish
Article number114098
JournalAdvanced Drug Delivery Reviews
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2022


  • Computational drug discovery and development
  • Cybermedicine
  • Digital and virtual twinning
  • Digitised drug delivery
  • Electronic health (e-health)
  • Industry X.0
  • On-demand drug manufacturing
  • Pharmacy or Pharma 4.0
  • Precision and personalized medicine
  • Telecommunication


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