Analysing Trade-offs in Frameworks for the Design of Smart Environments

Carmelo Ardito, Giuseppe Desolda, Rosa Lanzilotti, Alessio Malizia, Maristella Matera

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)
26 Downloads (Pure)


Smart Interactive Experiences (SIEs) are usage situations enabled by the Internet of Things that empower users to interact with the surrounding environment. The goal of our research is to define methodologies and software environments to support the design of SIEs; more specifically, we focus on design paradigms suitable for experts of given domains, who however might not be experts in technology. In this context, this paper discusses some trade-offs that we identified between six different dimensions that characterise the quality of software environments for SIE design. The trade-offs emerged from the analysis of data collected in an experimental study that compared three different design paradigms to understand in which measure each paradigm supports the creative process for SIE design. After reporting on the study procedure and the data analyses, the paper illustrates how the resulting trade-offs led us to identify alternatives for SIE design paradigms, and to structure on their basis a modular architecture of a software platform where the strengths of the three paradigms can be exploited flexibly, i.e. depending on the constraints and the requirements characterising specific design situations.
Original languageEnglish
JournalBehaviour and Information Technology
Early online date4 Jul 2019
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 4 Jul 2019


  • Internet of things
  • non-technical domain experts
  • tangible user interfaces
  • trade-offs in design
  • trigger-action programming
  • user study


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