Analysis of the importance of family in the development of sense of coherence during adolescence

Irene Garcia-Moya, F. Rivera, Carmen Moreno, Bengt Lindstrom

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Citations (Scopus)


Aims: The aim of this work was to study the influence of several family dimensions on sense of coherence (SOC) in adolescence, controlling the possible effects from the demographic variables, gender and age.
Methods: The sample consisted of 7580 adolescents between the ages of 13 and 18, who had taken part in the 2010 edition of the WHO Health Behaviour in School-aged Children study in Spain.
Results: The results showed that there were no significant gender differences in SOC levels. However, age had a significant influence on SOC. Higher levels of SOC were found in adolescents aged 13 and 14 compared to older participants. Family variables explained 18% of SOC variability, with affection, easy communication with parents, and parental knowledge as the most outstanding variables. In addition, positive relationships between parents and family affluence had a significant role in explaining SOC levels.
Conclusions: The results suggest that the family context plays an important role in providing meaningful experiences for the development of a strong SOC in adolescence.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)333-339
JournalScandinavian Journal of Public Health
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 11 Jul 2012


  • Adolescence
  • Family
  • Salutogenesis
  • Sense of coherence


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