Annual performance evaluation of a hybrid concentrated solar–micro gas turbine based on off-design simulation

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As the adoption of solar hybrid systems continues to rise due to their potential to compensate for the fluctuation of solar irradiation, it becomes imperative to accurately evaluate their performance, considering the variation of off-design conditions. This paper introduces a detailed analysis method for evaluating the annual performance of a solar-MGT system under transient boundary conditions for a whole-year operation range. A hybrid system of a micro gas turbine, recuperator, and solar dish is considered, and an off-design simulation model is developed and verified with available experimental results. Two different configurations for a recuperated cycle are considered, and simulations are conducted for a test case in Pretoria, SA. The results for Jun.21 and Dec.21 as low and high solar energy days are reported with more details to compare the configurations and demonstrate the effect of ambient temperature on the heat loss of the solar receiver and the overall performance of the system. The alternative configuration reduces heat loss with a lower temperature receiver but has higher fuel consumption compared to the conventional configuration. Operating strategies for different hours of operation from 1 h to 24 h per day are simulated for 365 days, based on real meteorological data, and compared with the operating in solar available hours. It is shown that the whole-year simulation of the system considering the variation of boundary conditions can change the estimation of fuel consumption by 25 %.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere30717
Pages (from-to)1-17
Number of pages17
Issue number10
Early online date3 May 2024
Publication statusPublished - 30 May 2024


  • Hybrid
  • Micro gas turbine
  • Off-design
  • Power generation
  • Solar dish


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