Application of the ANOVA method in the optimization of a thermoelectric cooler-based dehumidification system

Mahmoud Eltaweel, Aya H. Heggy, Zaher Mundher Yaseen, Omer A. Alawi, Mayadah W. Falah, Omar A. Hussein, Waqar Ahmed, Raad Z. Homod, Ali H. Abdelrazek

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In recent studies, Thermo-Electric Coolers (TEC) have been utilized for dehumidification purposes, which is mainly based on the extraction of moisture from humid atmospheric air. The reviewed literature showed that the rate of water collection from the TEC-based system can be affected by various parameters such as the module’s input voltage, the heat sink orientation, and tilt angles. In this research, the analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used to examine the significance of these factors and their interaction within the system on the TEC-based dehumidification system. Four levels were investigated for both, the Peltier’s input voltage and the rotation angle, and three levels for the tilt angle. This study indicated the significance of the studied factors and their interactions within the dehumidification system along with performing an overall numerical optimization. The experiments were conducted under the same working conditions in an enclosed environment to minimize errors. According to the overall numerical optimization, which was validated experimentally, the optimum system performance was predicted to be obtained at approximately 6.8V Peltier input volt, 65° rotation angle, and 90° tilt angles, with predicted optimum productivities of 0.32278 L/kWh and 13.03 mL/hr. For the same set of parameters, the variation between the experiment and the numerical optimization was less than 4%. The experiments show that when optimizing water collection rates for thermoelectric cooling heat sinks​ under high humidity conditions, the orientation of the heat sink should be considered.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10533-10545
Number of pages13
JournalEnergy Reports
Early online date26 Aug 2022
Publication statusPublished - 30 Nov 2022


  • Analysis of variance
  • Dehumidification
  • Optimization
  • Orientation
  • Thermoelectric cooler
  • Water collection


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