ATMP-CA: Optimising Mixed-Criticality Systems Considering Criticality Arithmetic

Sajid Fadlelseed, Raimund Kirner, Catherine Menon

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Many safety-critical systems use criticality arithmetic, an informal practice of implementing a higher-criticality function by combining several lower-criticality redundant components or tasks. This lowers the cost of development, but existing mixed-criticality schedulers may act incorrectly as they lack the knowledge that the lower-criticality tasks are operating together to implement a single higher-criticality function. In this paper, we propose a solution to this problem by presenting a mixed-criticality mid-term scheduler that considers where criticality arithmetic is used in the system. As this scheduler, which we term ATMP-CA, is a mid-term scheduler, it changes the configuration of the system when needed based on the recent history of deadline misses. We present the results from a series of experiments that show that ATMP-CA’s operation provides a smoother degradation of service compared with reference schedulers that do not consider the use of criticality arithmetic
Original languageEnglish
Article number1352
Number of pages14
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 6 Jun 2021


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