Augmented action observation: Theory and practical applications in sensorimotor rehabilitation

Fabio Castro, Kimberley C. Schenke

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

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Sensory feedback is a fundamental aspect of effective motor learning in sport and clinical contexts. One way to provide this is through sensory augmentation, where extrinsic sensory information are associated with, and modulated by, movement. Traditionally, sensory augmentation has been used as an online strategy, where feedback is provided during physical execution of an action. In this article, we argue that action observation can be an additional effective channel to provide augmented feedback, which would be complementary to other, more traditional, motor learning and sensory augmentation strategies. Given these similarities between observing and executing an action, action observation could be used when physical training is difficult or not feasible, for example during immobilization or during the initial stages of a rehabilitation protocol when peripheral fatigue is a common issue. We review the benefits of observational learning and preliminary evidence for the effectiveness of using augmented action observation to improve learning. We also highlight current knowledge gaps which make the transition from laboratory to practical contexts difficult. Finally, we highlight the key areas of focus for future research.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-20
Number of pages20
JournalNeuropsychological Rehabilitation
Early online date20 Dec 2023
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 20 Dec 2023


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