Azole fungicide sensitivity and molecular mechanisms of reduced sensitivity in Irish Pyrenopeziza brassicae populations

Diana Bucur, Yongju Huang, Bruce Fitt, Stephen Kildea

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Light leaf spot, caused by Pyrenopeziza brassicae, is amongst the most damaging diseases of winter oilseed rape(Brassica napus), and currently the sterol 14⊍-demethylase (CYP51) inhibitors (azoles) represent the main class of fungicides used to control light leaf spot development. However, a shift in sensitivity to azole fungicides in P. brassicae populations has been observed in different European countries, including Ireland.

RESULTS: To assess the sensitivity status of Irish P. brassicae populations to azole fungicides, three collections of P. brassicae from 2018–2020 were tested in vitro against tebuconazole and prothioconazole-desthio, and the PbCYP51 gene targeted by this class of fungicides was genotyped in different isolates. A change in sensitivity to azole fungicides was observed and differences in sensitivity to tebuconazole between Irish populations were present. There were two substitutions within PbCYP51 (G460Sand S508T) and inserts of different sizes in its promoter region. The presence of the G460S/S508T double mutant was reported for the first time, and the diversity in insert size was greater than previously known. Compared to wild type isolates, those carrying G460S or S508T were less sensitive to both fungicides and, where inserts were also identified, they further reduced sensitivity to azole fungicides.

CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study suggest that azole fungicides are still very effective in controlling light leaf spot in Ireland. However, using azole fungicides in mixtures of fungicides with different modes of action is recommended
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages12
JournalPest Management Science
Early online date9 Oct 2022
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 9 Oct 2022

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