Benefiting from biomimicry through 3D printing to enhance mechanical properties of polymeric structures: Simulation approach

K. C. Jadav , S. O. Ismail, B. I. Oladapo

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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Numerous biological structures have intricate compositional arrangements, well-organised pieces and stronger mechanical qualities than the materials that make them up. Therefore, this study focused on enhancing the mechanical characteristics of three-dimensional (3D)-printed acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS) structures. Selected parts/systems of three natural (animal/plant) materials were designed/modelled and analysed to mimic their natural lattice structures (biomimicry), using CATIA V5 and finite element method/Ansys software. The simulation results showed that the tensile strength of the biomimetic-designed beetle increased by 13.63%, the bending strength of the biomimetic lotus stem improved by 2.00 and 19.86% in simple and three-point bending tests, and the compressive strength of biomimetic trabecular bone enhanced by 87.59%, when compared with their conventional structures. Also, the biomimetic design recorded 10.00% higher compressive strength than a fillet design and nearly 64.00% than the repeated pattern. It was evident that biomimetic designs enhanced the mechanical properties of all the 3D-printed ABS structures.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAdvances in Manufacturing Technology - XXXVII
Subtitle of host publicationProceedings from the 20th International Conference on Manufacturing Research
EditorsAndrew Thomas, Dr Lyndon Murphy, Dr Wyn Morris, Vincenzo Dispenza, Dr David Jones
Pages189 - 194
Publication statusPublished - 8 Sept 2023
Event20th International Conference on Manufacturing Research (ICMR 2023): Incorporating the 37th National Conference on Manufacturing Research - Aberystwyth University, Wales, UK, Aberystwyth, United Kingdom
Duration: 6 Sept 20238 Sept 2023
Conference number: 20

Publication series

NameAdvances in Transdisciplinary Engineering
PublisherIOS Press
ISSN (Print)2352-751X
ISSN (Electronic)2352-7528


Conference20th International Conference on Manufacturing Research (ICMR 2023)
Abbreviated titleICMR 2023
Country/TerritoryUnited Kingdom
OtherInitiated by the Consortium of UK University Manufacturing and Engineering (COMEH), ICMR has been the UK’s main manufacturing research conference for 36years and an international conference since 2003 – bringing researchers, academics and industrialists together to share their vision, knowledge and experience, and discuss emerging trends and new challenges.
Internet address


  • Biomimicry
  • 3D printing
  • Mechanical properties
  • Polymeric structures


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