Binaries discovered by the SPY project. II. HE 1414-0848: A double degenerate with a mass close to the Chandrasekhar limit

R. Napiwotzki, D. Koester, G. Nelemans, L. Yungelson, N. Christlieb, A. Renzini, D. Reimers, H. Drechsel, B. Leibundgut

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

45 Citations (Scopus)
18 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

In the course of our search for double degenerate (DD) binaries as potential progenitors of type Ia supernovae with the UVES spectrograph at the ESO VLT (ESO SNIa Progenitor surveY { SPY) we discovered that the white dwarf HE1414−0848 is a double-lined DA+DA binary with an orbital period of P = 12h25m39s. Semi-amplitudes of 128 kms−1 and 100 kms−1 are derived for the individual components. The amplitude ratio and the measured di erence in gravitational redshift is used to estimate the masses of the individual components: 0:55 M and 0:71 M . Hence the total mass of the HE1414−0848 system is 1:26 M , only 10% below the Chandrasekhar limit. The results of a model atmosphere analysis are consistent with our mass estimated from the orbit. Temperatures of the individual components are also determined. Possible scenarios for the formation of this system are discussed. The system will merge due to loss of angular momentum via gravitational wave radiation after two Hubble times. HE1414−0848 does not qualify as an SNIa progenitor, but it is the most massive close DD known today.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)957-963
JournalAstronomy and Astrophysics
Volume386
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2002

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Binaries discovered by the SPY project. II. HE 1414-0848: A double degenerate with a mass close to the Chandrasekhar limit'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this