Biowaste management: Comparison of banana (Musa acuminata) and bamboo (Bambusa vulgaris) fibers

Dhesinghraja Jeyaraj, Mayandi Kalimuthu, Rajini Nagarajan, Prakash Chithamparam, Sikiru O. Ismail, Faruq Mohammad, Hamad A. Al-Lohedan, Kumar Krishnan

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Abstract

Both developed and developing countries around the world are increasingly utilizing biodegradable products and bio-based materials. This is required to curb rampant environmental pollution caused by synthetic materials and their by-products. In this study, banana and bamboo fibers were prepared from agricultural and industrial wastes, respectively. Banana and bamboo fibers were obtained with aid of mechanical and waste extractions, respectively. Both fibers were subjected to a retting process for 24 hours, using normal warm water at a room temperature (27 ± 3 °C) to remove the impurities. Then, a comparative investigation and analysis was conducted concerning their properties and applications. The biomass level, physical, and chemical properties, structure, experimental analysis, and moisture regain behaviors of the plant materials were studied. Additionally, the antibacterial property of the samples was discussed. The biomass level was measured per hectare for banana (36.1 tons) and per plant for bamboo (65%), and the physical and chemical properties were identified via some basic testing techniques. The molecular, crystalline, and morphology structures were observed using Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, and scanning electron microscopy. Finally, the industrial applications were elucidated to establish the possibility of using both fibers as promising sustainable, renewable, recyclable, and eco-friendly materials.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1245-1259
Number of pages15
JournalBioResources
Volume19
Issue number1
Early online date5 Jan 2024
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 5 Jan 2024

Keywords

  • Banana/bamboo fiber
  • Biomass level
  • Biowaste management
  • Environmental pollution
  • Industrial applications
  • Property analysis

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