Body composition and functional assessment of nutritional status in adults: a narrative review of imaging, impedance, strength and functional techniques

Sara Smith, Angela Madden

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)
231 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

The accurate and valid assessment of body composition is essential for the
diagnostic evaluation of nutritional status, identifying relevant outcome
measures, and determining the effectiveness of current and future nutritional
interventions. Developments in technology and our understanding of
the influences of body composition on risk and outcome will provide practitioners
with new opportunities to enhance current practice and to lead
future improvements in practice. This is the second of a two-part narrative
review that aims to critically evaluate body composition methodology in
diverse adult populations, with a primary focus on its use in the assessment
and monitoring of under-nutrition. Part one focused on anthropometric
variables [Madden and Smith (2016) J Hum Nutr Diet 29: 7–25] and part
two focuses on the use of imaging techniques, bioelectrical impedance analysis,
markers of muscle strength and functional status, with particular reference
to developments relevant to practice.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)714-732
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics
Volume29
Issue number6
Early online date3 May 2016
Publication statusPublished - 15 Nov 2016

Keywords

  • Body composition
  • Nutritional status
  • Imaging
  • Bio-electrical impedance
  • Function

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