Building robota, a mini-humanoid robot for the rehabilitation of children with autism

Aude Billard, Ben Robins, Kerstin Dautenhahn, Jacqueline Nadel

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    138 Citations (Scopus)


    The Robota project constructs a series of multiple-degrees-of-freedom, doll-shaped humanoid robots, whose physical features resemble those of a human baby. The Robota robots have been applied as assistive technologies in behavioral studies with low-functioning children with autism. These studies investigate the potential of using an imitator robot to assess children's imitation ability and to teach children simple coordinated behaviors. In this article, the authors review the recent technological developments that have made the Robota robots suitable for use with children with autism. They critically appraise the main outcomes of two sets of behavioral studies conducted with Robota and discuss how these results inform future development of the Robota robots and robots in general for the rehabilitation of children with complex developmental disabilities.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)37-49
    Number of pages13
    JournalAssistive Technology
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - 31 Mar 2007


    • Autism
    • Children
    • Educational doll robot
    • Imitation
    • Rehabilitation
    • Toy robot


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