C reactive protein and depressive symptoms in haemodialysis patients: A questionable association

Joseph Chilcot, Karin Friedli, Ayman Guirguis, David Wellsted, Ken Farrington, Andrew Davenport

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Introduction Patients with advanced chronic kidney disease (CKD) on haemodialysis (HD) may have increased C reactive protein (CRP) values and depressive symptoms. There is debate about the strength and nature of previously reported associations. We investigated these issues in a cohort of patients on HD. Methods We screened for depressive symptoms using two valadiated depression screening tools: the Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II), Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9). Demographic and clinical correlates of depression symptoms were eveluated in adjusted linear and logistic regression models, which included extra renal comorbidity and high CRP (>5 mg/L). Findings Three hundred and ninety-six HD patients were studied; 63.1% male, mean age 63.1 ± 16.4 years, median CRP 6 (5-15) mg/L. Depression scores were similar in those with normal and high CRP (BDI-II (9(5-17) vs. 11(6-20)) or PHQ (4(2-9) vs. 6(2-10)). In adjusted multivariable regression BDI-II scores were associated with previous history of depression (β 10.8, P < 0.001), serum albumin (β 0.41, P < 0.001), anuria (β 2.4, P < 0.037), diabetes (β 2.7, P = 0.033), and age (β -0.10, P = 0.009). High CRP was not independently associated with BDI-II (β 2.20, P = 0.057), though was with PHQ-9 (β 1.20, P = 0.046). In logistic regression those with high CRP were 1.9 times more likely to score ≥16 on BDI-II screening (P = 0.016), but did not relate significantly to a PHQ-score ≥10. Discussion A relationship was observed between CRP and depression symptoms, though the effect was small, of unlikely clinical significance, and inconsistent between depression measures. Previous reports of this association may reflect overlap between symptoms of depression and advanced CKD.
Original languageEnglish
JournalHemodialysis international. International Symposium on Home Hemodialysis
Early online date27 Sept 2016
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 27 Sept 2016


  • C reactive protein
  • depression
  • BDI II
  • PHQ-9
  • dialysis
  • inflammation


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