A foodborne outbreak with 49 cases (22 culture positive for Campylobacter sp.) following a wedding party in the East of England was investigated. A retrospective cohort study identified an association between consumption of chicken liver pâté and infection with Campylobacter jejuni/coli. There was a statistically significant association between dose (amount of chicken liver pâté eaten) and the risk of disease ['tasted': odds ratio (OR) 1·5, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0·04-∞; 'partly eaten': OR 8·4, 95% CI 1·4-87·5; 'most or all eaten': OR 36·1, 95% CI 3·3-2119). The local authority found evidence that the preparation of chicken livers breached Food Standards Agency's guidelines. This epidemiological investigation established a clear dose-response relationship between consumption of chicken liver pâté and the risk of infection with Campylobacter. The continuing need to raise public awareness of the risk to human health posed by undercooked chicken liver is evident.
- Campylobacter Infections/epidemiology
- Disease Outbreaks/statistics & numerical data
- Foodborne Diseases/epidemiology
- Meat/adverse effects
- Middle Aged